Inventing Europe: idea, identity, reality. Front Cover. Gerard Delanty. Macmillan, – History – Bibliographic information. QR code for Inventing Europe. I{ETlllNKlNC IRTSH HISTORy (with patrick O’Mahony). Inventing Europe. Idea, Identity, Reality. Gerard Delanty. Senior LÄ›crurer in Sociology. U niversity of Liver . Inventing Europe: Idea, Identity, Reality, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke,

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The reforms that were carried out by the innventing Inventing Europe The Origins of euope Idea of Europe 27 emperors Diocletian and Constantine enabled only the eastern part of the Roman Empire, the Byzantine empire, to survive.

Moreover, the history of Europe is the history not only of its unifying ideas, but also of its divisions and frontiers, both inter- nal and external. This period of disintegration and renewal lasted until the twelfth century, when a new centre of power emerged, based on the Seljuks, an ascending Turkish dynasty who adhered to Sunni Islam and who estab- lished themselves at Baghdad in and expanded into Anatolia in Asia Minor.

But, as Wallace-Hadrillp. Europe had not yet been ‘westernised’; nor, for that matter, had the East been ‘orientalised’. A world is created which is experienced as objec- tive; it is something that is given, taken for granted, unalterable and self-evi- dent.

Gudrun von Alien has delantg the book through from beginning to end. White it can be connected to the moral dimension of society, it itself is nofa moral concept.

It is possible that this inventiing provided the terms of reference for the conflict of Europe and Asia in later centuries. An embryonic Europe of nations emerged by the late ninth century with ihe contours of Germany and France already becoming visible.

Aeschylus in the play The Persians constructed an opposition of Oreeks versus Persians: Rome had long since outlived its military usefulness and the capital of the western part of the empire had in fact shifted to Ravenna in When such unreconstructed cultural ideas are translated into institutional practices by political identity projects, the polymorphous nature of reality will ensure their euurope appli- cation.

The idea of Europe began to emerge with the decline of classical Greek civilisation. Then, with the Byzantine empire laying claim to the imperial tradition, the identity of the western half came gradually to rest on Latin Christianity.


The foundation was thus provided for an enduring tension between the inventinf of Europe and the Holy Roman Empire, which sought to legitimate itself as the guardian of civilisation.

Europe did not encompass what we associate with it today. This is frequently what the pursuit of community really is about: What is to be questioned is the idea of a European identity as a totalising project and the ethno-culturalism that accompanies it.

So exactly where the space for identity formation is to be created is a jnventing question for the future. Dlanty Byzantine Empire had also reached the limit of its expansion and was unable to prevent Islam from encroaching upon its territory. Throughout the Middle Ages the German rulers contended for a hege- monic concept of European mastery with the invention of the Holy Roman Empire. The crusaders were also disadvantaged by the revival of Muslim delant power in the twelfth century.

Inventing Europe – Gerard Delanty – Google Books

Social representations are not merely reproductions of reality, they are also prescriptive and serve as regulative ideas for the formation of col- lective identities. The idea ofEurope existed long before people actu- ally began to identify with it and to sec themselves as Europeans.

Europe has also been written about as a philosophical ideal Patocka, ;HellerandFchlcr, ; Heller, I hope that I shall at least succeed in systematising within an interpreta- tive framework the existing disparate scholarship of the idea of Europe and that perhaps someday a critique of the discourse of Europeanism will be writ- ten as pan of a critical theory of modernity. This is what is usually called ‘the making of Europe’ Bowie, ; Burns, ; Dawson, ; Hazard, ; Wolff, Berlin is no longer the symbol of a divided Europe but the capital of a united Germany.

It is primarily intended for students dekanty the social and political sciences looking for a critical analysis of problems of European identity in the broader perspective of history. In the following chapters I shall outline the historical process in which the idea 4 Inventing Europe of Europe was constituted as a cultural frame of reference for the formation oGdejUiueslwdjW the inventng through which Europe became first a cultural idea and then a self-conscious political identity.


The defining characteristic of the group is not what its members have in common but in what separates them from other groups.

Inventing Europe: idea, identity, reality – Gerard Delanty – Google Books

The idea of Europe’s historical uniqueness and autonomy begins to emerge in the face of opposition. In the Turks crossed ivnenting Dardanelles to Gallipoli and. So the relative underdevelopment of the West was to its eventual long- term advantage. One of the tasks of a crit- ical theory of Europe is to demonstrate that cultural and political diversity and the heterogeneity of social milieus lie beneath the dominant ideology.

[ Gerard Delanty] Inventing Europe 1995

During the Dark Ages, from the fourth to the ninth centuries, ‘Europe’ – by which of course we mean Christendom – was unable to assert itself against Islam. There is another aspect to the discourse of Europe which bears on the pre- sent context. The clas- sical revival it ushered in was not merely Frankish but cosmopolitan, with scholars coming to the imperial court at Aachen from all parts of Europe.

Today, more than ever before, the discourse of Europe is taking on a strong- ly ideological character. Ptolemy, in the second century ad, used the term Sarmatia and distinguished between Sarmatia Europea and Sarmatia Asiatica with the River Niventing sep- arating them Halecki,p.

The feudal states that the crusaders set up did not stand the test of time and by the late thirteenth century their lands were recovered eurppe Muslims, with Acre, the last Christian slate in the Holy Land, falling in The word 1 Christendom was used from the ninth century Phillips, A nice idea, but easier said than done. Under the signs of the crucifix and the crescent, the clash of Christianity and Islam was crucial in the formation of the Eurocentric world-view. The idea of Europe has been more con- ncctcd to the state tradition and elite cultures than with the politics of civil society.

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