The scale is composed of 24 items divided into 2 subscales, 13 concerning performance anxiety, and 11 pertaining to social situations. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) was the first evaluation The score equal to or greater than 32 is suggested as a cutoff score for the. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) is a widely used The original LSAS model implied by the scoring instructions yields seven.

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Scores in this range are typical of persons entering treatment for the non-generalized type of SAD. Rev Bras Psiquiatr This was seen only in relation to the age variable, where a small difference was found between the C and NC groups, with a higher mean age in the C group compared to the NC group. Area under the ROC curve.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale – Wikipedia

A confirmatory factor analysis of specific phobia domains in African American and Caucasian American young adults. Behaviour Research and Therapy. One study that provided data on racial composition of their sample included only five African Americans Baker et al. Support Center Support Center.

The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Columbia University Medical Center, n. Edited by Axelby CP.


Journal of Anxiety Disorders. Modern Problems in Pharmacopsychiatry. Screening for social anxiety disorder with the self-report version of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale.

However, in Europe, the cutoff scores were different in each country, a Turkish study suggested that the score should be higher than 50 [ 14 ], while a Spanish study suggested a score between It should be noted that Module F refers to Social Anxiety and has been translated and adapted into Portuguese [ 25 ]. Smaller AIC scores are preferred among competing models. The original measures yielded significant differences in anxiety level between the groups.

Among the sample groups, according to the post-hoc analysis Bonferronithe C group had the highest mean score, followed by the SC and NC groups.

Moreover, it is possible that the Safren and Baker models would have achieved anxieyt better fit in a larger sample.

Liebowitz social anxiety scale

Depress Anxiety6: Overall, the subscales from the Safren and Baker models had far less redundancy r ranges from.

See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Please review our privacy policy. Guidelines of the Brazilian Medical Association for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of social anxiety disorder. Med Clin Barc Conclusions The original LSAS subscales demonstrated excellent internal consistency and temporal stability.

J Clin Psychol59 1: Scores between 60 and 90 indicate that SAD is very probable.

Future work might also utilize an item-response approach to examine whether LSAS items “behave” in a similar way in African American as in European American populations. These findings call into question the original administration and scoring of the LSAS and suggest that perhaps only one subscale is needed.


Conceived and designed the experiments: Social anxiety across ethnicity: Psychometric properties of the French version”. Instruments for the evaluation of social phobia In Social phobia: Psychometric properties of the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. All psychometric investigations, including the current one, have repeatedly found that the original fear and avoidance subscales yield redundant information.

Considering Social Anxiety Disorder SADthe number of evaluation instruments has grown considerably over the last decade. Subsequent studies [ 1617 ], consisting of large and diverse samples and using refined methodology, have considered the self-report version valid and reliable, since the psychometric properties presented by the SR version were as satisfactory as the clinician-administered format, with the advantage of its application being easier and faster [ 12 ]. Sdale the findings of variance across ethnic anxietu for multiple measures of anxiety, it is important to examine the structure of the LSAS in an African American sample.